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Kerala Wild Life Tour

Kerala, the land of mountains, lakes, rivers and backwaters has numerous national parks and sanctuaries. For centuries these forests have been closely associated with the traditions, customs and social life of the people of Kerala. The forests present in Kerala is indeed some of the most splendid and diverse that can be found anywhere in the world.

Periyar Tiger Reserve, Silent Valley National Park and Eravikulam National Park are some of the examples of best managed sanctuaries of India! They are populated with enchanting green forest and have wildlife like Tigers, Elephants, Wild Dogs, Gaurs, Sambars, Leopards and water birds. All these will surely give you a rare sighting.

Aaralam Wildlife Sanctuary

Introduction :


A mere 55 sq.kms in area and located on the western slopes of the Western Ghats, the Aralam sanctuary is the northern most wildlife sanctuary of Kerala. It was established in 1984. The headquarters of the sanctuary is near Iritty, a small town about 55 kms from Kannur. The sanctuary adjoins the Central State Farm at Aralam.


Forest Type :
Forest coast tropical evergreen and west coast semievergreen forests are predominant. There are about 490 ha of teak and eucalyptus plantations within the forest area.


Flora :
In the evergreen areas the following species are found: vellapine (Vateria indica), Mesua ferrea, Mechilus macrantha, Calophyllum elatum, Cullenia rosayroona, Magnifera indica, Toona cillata, Myristica Species, Euphorbia Longana, Strobilanthes. The common trees in the semievergreen areas are Cinnamomum Zeylanicum, Hopea parviflora, Largestroemia lanceolata, Xyliaxylocarpa, Mallotus, Philippinensis.


Fauna :
A variety of animals and birds usually found in the Western Ghats are seen here. Different kinds of deer, boar, elephant, and bison are quite common. Leopard, jungle cat and various types of squirrels are sighted.


Travel Information :
One can reach the Aralam sanctuary by road from Thalasseri (45 kms) and Kannur (45kms). The nearest railway station is Thalassery and the nearest airport is Kozhikkod, 113 kms from Irutti. The infrastructure for tourism development is limited at present, but steps are being taken by the Forest Department to improve the situation.

Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary


Introduction :


Tucked away in the valley between the Anamali Ranges of Tamil Nadu and the Nelliampathy Ranges of Kerala on the majestic Western Ghats is the Parambikulam Wildlife sanctuary, a fine example of serene, tranquil and undisturbed eco system. Situated in Palakkad district, it was originally a small tract of reserve forest of 48 sq.kms. However, owing to growing wildlife needs, it was expanded in 1962, and today it is a vast expanse of greenery of 285sq.kms in area.

Ideally suited to the growth of teak, the tract encouraged large scale teak plantations thorugh artifical regeneration in the early 20's. This was, however, abandoned when a full-fledged Wildlife department was formed in 1985. 9,000 ha of teak plantations in the sanctuary are being managed in such a way as to restore the forest's original status. A giant teak tree 40m high and 6.4m in girth is a standing monument of the past aptly named 'Kannimaram'.


Topography :
Several streams originate from the hill ranges and flow down westward to join the river Chalakudi. The terrain is most undulating with a valley in the basin. The Karimala Gopuram is the highest peak (1444m). The average elevation is about 600m.


Climate :
The sanctuary receives much heaviyer rains between June and August. The eastern part of the sanctuary receives more rains in October-November. Temperature drops substantially and mist envelops the sanctuary in the morning hours.


Forest Types :
Natural forests are classifieds as follows;

  • 1. West coast tropical evergreen forests.
  • 2. West coast semi evergreen forests.
  • 3. South Indian moist deciduous forests.
  • 4. South Indian dry deceiduous forests.
  • 5. Moist bamboo brakes.
  • 6. Reed brakes.

Tropical Evergreen forests (Area 50 sq.kms approximately) :

A Wide variety of trees grow here. The top canopy consists of Palai, Punna, Nangu, Vediplavu, Kalpine, Aini, Vellapine, Kambakam, Vellagil, Pathiri, Nedunar, etc.Lower canopy predominantly consists of Vetti, Kara, Nasagam, Marotti, Kurukutti, Cheru, Mullialvu etc. Undergrowth comprises Antidesma, Calamus, Glycosmis, lxora species, etc.


Fauna :
Mammals : Bonnet macaque, Liontailed macaque, Nilgiri langur, Loris, Tiger, Leopar, Jungle cat, Civet, Mongoose, Fox, Bear, Elephant, Gaur, Nilgiri Tahr, Spotted Deer, Sambar, Barking deer, Wild boar, Pangolin etc.


Reptiles : Crocodile, Varanus, Pond Terapin, Cane Turtle, Gecko Skink, Chameleon,Snakes like King Cobra, Spectacled Cobra, Krait, Viper, Python,Green keel back, Rat snake, Vine snake etc.


Fishes : Aral,bral,vattudi,thilopia, noori, mooshu, poochutti, kollotty, exyprius,taral, etc.


Birds : Darter, Little Cormorant, Black eagle, Lesser adjutant stork, Black capped kingfisher, Great Indian hornbill, Broad billed roller, Black woodpecker.


Travel Information :
The sanctuary is accessible by road. Buses ply between Pollachi and Parambikulam. Pollachi is 60kms away and has a railway station. The nearest airport is Coimbatore, 100kms away. Visitors can have boat rides in the Parambikulam lake and tour the sanctuary with the help of guides.

Eravikulam Wildlife Sanctuary

Introduction :

Originally established to protect the Nilgiri Tahr, the Eravikulam Park is situated in Devikulam taluk of the Idukki district. It was declared as a sanctuary in 1975, and considering its ecological, faunal, floral, geo-morphological and zoological significance, it was declared as a National Park in 1978. It covers an area of 97 sq.kms of rolling grasslands and high level shoalas. The park is breath-takingly beautiful and is comparable to the best of mountain ranges in the Alps.


Topography :
The area is undulating, dotted with grass hillocks and sholas. Anamudi (2694m), the highest peak, south of the Himalays, is situated in the south of the park.


Climate :
The area receives heavy rains during both the monsoons. This is one of the wettest areas of the world. During the winter months of December to February, the occurrence of frost is quite common.


Forest Types :
The major portion of this area is covered with grasslands, but there are several patches of sholas seen in hollows and valleys.


Flora :
Actinodaphne bourdilloni, Microtropis ramiflora, pittosporum tetraspermium, Sysygium arnottianum, Chrysopogon zelanieus, Eupatorium adenophorum, Strobilanthes, Kunthi anus (Neelakurinji), Eulalia phaeothrix, Tripogen bromodes, Arundninella fuscata and Cyanotis species.


Fauna :
Tiger, panther and wild dogs are usually sighted in both the open grass land sholas forests. Civet cat and jungle cat also live in the sholas. Sloth bear, Nilgiri langur and wild boar are generally found in sholas and their fringes. The Atlas moth, the largest of its kind in the world, is seen in this park. The population of the world famous Nilgiri Tahr is 1317 according to the 1991 census. There were only 885 in 1989.


Travel Information :
Tourists can visit the Rajmala part of the park with entry passes. The park is nearly 15 kms north of Munnar, which can be reached from Kochi (135 kms) and Kottayam (148 kms). The nearest airport is Kochi and the nearest railway station is Aluva, which is 115 kms from Munnar.

Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary

Introduction :

The one and only sanctuary of its kind in Kerala, the Thattekad Bird sanctuary was constituted in 1983. Situated in Eranakulam district, this bird sanctuary is a feast to the eyes and music to the ears. Several kinds of birds usually found in South India are seen here. The famous ornithologist, Dr. Salim Ali, was the architect of this sanctuary. He is reported to have identified 167 birds and his student, Dr. Sugathan, 207. In addition, the Bombay Natural History Society has identified 253 kinds of birds. Spread over an extent of 25.16 sq.kms, Thattekkad attracts nature lovers from far and wide.


Topography :
As is common on the Western Ghats, the terrian is undulating and elevation ranges between 35m and 523m. The tallest point is the Njayapilli peak (523m high).


Forest Type :
Tropical evergreen forests, tropical semi-evergreen forests and tropical deciduous forests. There are patches of grasslands also.


Flora :
Tropical evergreen forests harbour Vellapine, Karanjili, Palley, Kunthirikam, Bhadraksham, Kanala, Kurangatti, etc. Tropical semi evergreen forests harbour Angili, Kambacom etc. and trees of commercial value like Teak, Rose wood, Venteak, Venga, Maruthi also grow.


Fauna :
The elephant is an occasional visitor. Leopard, bear, porcupine, python and cobra are sighted.


Birds :
Indian roller, cuckoo, common snipe, crow pheasant, jungle nightjar, kite, grey drongo, Malabar trogon, woodpeckeer, large pied wagtail, baya sparrow, grey jungle fowl, Indian hill myna, robin bird, jungle babbler and darter.


Rare Birds :
Crimson-throated barbet, bee-eater, sunbird, shrike, fairy blue-bird, grey-headed fishing eagle, blackwinged kite, night heron, grey heron, Malabar shama, common grey hornbill and Malabar hornbill.


Travel Information :
The sanctuary is 13 kms North-East of Kothamangalam along the Pooyamkutti road. The nearest railway station is Aluva, at a distance of 48 kms. Kochi, the nearest airport, is 71 kms from Thattekkad.

Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary

Introduction :


Idukki Wildlife sanctuary which came into existence in 1976, spreads over an area of 77sq. kms. within Thodupuzha and Udumbanchola taluks in Idukki district. This wild life sanctuary with a plenty of elephants is blessed with different kinds of flora and fauna. The world famous Idukki arch dam and the vast lake increase the importance of this place.

This is an enchanting place marked with steep mountains and undulating hills and valleys. The highest altitude of this place is 748 meters and the lowest 450 meters. The 746 feet high, Kizhakkilachimala, adds beauty to this place. The artificial lake formed due to the construction of Kulamavu, Cheruthony and Idukki dams in this place extents to an area of 33 sq.kms


Fauna :
The wild animals such as elephants, deers, bears, wild pigs, tigers, leopards, snakes like python, cobra, ciper, rat snake, iguana and birds like hornbills, wood peckers and king fishers, can be seen here.


Travel Information :
Vellappara, the headquarters of the sanctuary can be reached from Eranakulam and Kottayam by road. Kochi is the nearest airport. Adequate arrangements have been made for boating and visiting forests.

Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary

Introduction :


The forests of Peppara Wildlife sanctuary constitute the catchment of Peppara dam constructed across Karamana river and commissioned during 1983 to augment drinking water supply to Thiruvananthapuram city and suburban areas. Considering the ecological significance of the area, it was declared as sanctuary during 1983. The area was formerly a part of Paruthippally range of Thiruvananthapuram Territorial Division.


Peppara Wildlife sanctuary consists of Part of Palode reserve (24sq.kms) and part of Kottoor reserve (29sq.kms). The total area of the sanctuary is 53 sq.kms. The total water spread of the reservoir is 5.82 sq.kms.

The sanctuary is located about 50kms. north east of Thiruvananthapuram city in Nedumangad taluk of Thiruvananthapuram district between longitude 76°40' and 77°17' east and latitude 80°7'and 8°53' north. General topography of the area is hilly with elevation varying from 100 m to 1717m. Rainfall and other climate factors are similar to that of Neyyar Wildlife sanctuary. There are 13 tribal settlements in the sanctuary. Eleven are in Athirumala section and two are in Thodayar section.

The major mammals include elephant, gaur,sambar, barking deer, mouse deer, wild boar, tiger, panther, wild dog, lion tailed macaque, Nilgiri langur, Malabar squirrel etc. Water birds like darter, little cormorant, pied king fisher and egrets are also common. Many kinds of snakes including the king cobra and python are also present in this sanctuary. The area has a variety of moth and butterflies.

Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

Introduction :

Established in 1973, the Wayanad Wildlife sanctuary is contiguous to the protected area network of Nagarhole and Bandipur of Karnataka on the north-east and Mudimalai of Tamilnadu on the south-east. Rich in bio-diversity, the sanctuary is an integral part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reservem, Which has been established with the specific objective of conservating the biological heritage of the region. Interestingly, it was from here that Pazhassi Raja fought valiantly against the British.Consisting entirely of notified reserve, the sanctuary is very rich in fauna and flora. The management of the sanctuary lays emphasis on scientific conservation with due consideration to the general lifestyle of the Tribals and others who live on the frings of the forest.


Topography :
Gently undulating with occasional hillocks, the highest peak is Karottimala (1158m).


Climate :
The tract receives fairly reasonable amount of rain, most of which is received during June to August. March, April and May are warm.


Forest Types :
Most of the forests are of the south Indian moist deciduous type. There are, however, a few patches of west coast semi evergreen forests. About 110 sq.kms of the sanctuary is under plantations of teak, eucalyptus. And grevelia.


Flora :
In the moist deciduous forest, maruthi, karimaruthi, rosewood, venteak, vengal, chadachi, mazhukanjiram, bamboo etc grow. In the semi-evergreen patches Veteria indica. Lagerstroemia, Lanceolata, Termianalia paniculata etc are common.


Fauna :
The animal population of the sanctuary is varies. Elephant, tiger, Panther, jungle cat, civet cat, monkeys, wild dog, bison, deer, bear, etc. inhabit the sanctuary. Reptiles like monitor lizard and a variety of snakes are seen. Peacock, babblers, cuckoos, owl, wood pecker and jungle fowl are only a few among the different types of birds seen in the area.

Among the animals, elephant occupies the prime position. Interstate seasonal migration of elephant is common.Tiger population of the sanctuary is fairly good. Frequent sightings are reported from Tholpetty, Rambur and Mavinhalla areas.


Travel Information :
Good roads connect the sanctuary with Kozhikode, Mysore and Ootty. They are also connected by rail and are within 110 kms from the sanctuary. The nearest airport is Kozhikode. Visitors can halt at Sultan Bathery or Mananthavadi and visit the sanctuary Government rest houses and private lodges offer accommodation.

Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary

Introduction :


Kumarakom Bird sanctuary, situated on the banks of the Vembanand Lake is known for its varied avian population. Local varieties such as waterfowls, cuckoos and owls, as well as the migratory Siberian Cranes can be viewed here.
The Kumarakom Tourist Complex, sprawling over 101 acres of enchanting wooded land and lake, was built around the 50-year-old 'Baker's Mansion', which was earlier a small hotel run by the Kerala Tourism Development Corporation (KTDC).

Now the complex has been renovated in grand style by the Taj Kerala Resorts Ltd. Boats are available on hire for a a cruise around the sanctuary.


Travel Information :
12 Kms From Kottayam, Kerala


Main Attraction :
Water Fowls, Siberian Cranes


Best Time :
The best time to bird watch is between June and August . To watch Migratory birds, November to February is the best time.

Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary


Introduction :


Area : 777 sq km / 77,700 hectares

Established : 1950 as a sanctuary, 1978 as a tiger reserve.


Description :
Periyar National Park is situated in the hills of the Western Ghats in the state of Kerala in SW India. wildlife in Periyar Tiger Reserve in Kerala, Wildlife Sanctuary in Periyar National Park, Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary , wildlife attractions in Periyar National Park, information on Periyar Tiger Reserve, Travel in Periyar National Park, Wildlife travel in Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Tour Packages for Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary and professional wildlife Travel services in India for wildlife tours and Travel. Tourmyindia.com offers complete travel services for wildlife travel in India including Wildlife Tours, Wildlife Safaris, Wildlife Resorts, and Game Safaris in India.The centre piece of Periyar National park is the 5,500-hectare Periyar lake formed by the construction of a dam on the Periyar river in 1895. The dam submerged low-lying forest whose dead tree trunks still jut out of the waters. Along the fringes of the lake are marshy areas with tall grasslands. This is one of the richest habitats of large mammals, as it provides both excellent cover and nourishment in the form of succulent shoots and grasses. Here it is possible to see large herds of Indian Elephant with relative ease as well as Nilgiri Langur near Aranya Niwas and the Liontail Macaque in higher areas.

The forests are tropical, a mixture of deciduous, semi-evergreen, and evergreen 'sholas', the last occurring in the moist valleys and characterised by tall trees and a closed canopy. The forests alternate with extensive patches of grasslands. Periyar's rich bird life includes the Giant Hornbill, Cormorant, Darter, Osprey and Racket-tailed Drongo. The Indian Python and King Cobra are among the reptilian fauna. Periyar has a few Nilgiri Tahr, good numbers of which may also be seen on a day excursion to nearby Eravikulam National Park near Munnar.


Season(Periyar National park) :
Open year-round, the best period being November-April.


Travel Information :
Fly to Cochin and drive to Periyar (200 km). The nearest railway station is Kottayam (114 km).

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